Important Pair of Patinated, and Matte and Burnished Gilt Bronze and Red Griotte Marble Five-Light Candelabra, late Louis XVI period
Call +33 1 45 61 44 55
Attributed to François Rémond
Probably Made under the Supervision of Dominique Daguerre
Important Pair of Patinated, and Matte and Burnished Gilt Bronze and Red Griotte Marble Five-Light Candelabra
Paris, late Louis XVI period, circa 1785-1790
Height 115cm; width of branches 38.5cm; base: 18.5cm x 18.5cm
Each candelabrum features a stem in the form of a magnificent patinated bronze, elaborately coiffed female figure wearing long draperies that reveal her body. Each nymph holds a bouquet of five lights, which emerges from a cornucopia decorated with leaves, spiral fluting, and bead friezes. The scrolling branches are adorned with acanthus leaves, seeded foliage, and rosettes. The front-facing branch features a herm in the form of a winged putto. The drip pans and nozzles are finely chased and adorned with bead friezes, leaves, and fluting. The central stem is in the form of a flaming torch. The red Italian griotte marble plinth, shaped as a truncated column, is decorated with a bead frieze and a wide, knurled band. It rests on a quadrangular base with burnished reserves within matted frames.
The unusual design of this rare pair of candelabra was inspired by the work of sculptor Etienne-Maurice Falconet (1716-1791), and in particular by a sketch that Saint-Aubin drew in the margin of the brochure of the 1761 Salon (see H. Ottomeyer and P. Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, Band I, Munich, 1986, p. 254, fig. 4.7.1). Another source of inspiration was a torchère that Falconet made for the Château de Versailles (illustrated in Le Dix-huitième siècle français, Collection Connaissance des Arts, Paris, 1956, p. 150). The high quality of the chasing and gilding of the present candelabra support our attribution to François Rémond, one of the most important Parisian artisans of the period. At the time of their creation Rémond worked almost exclusively for Dominique Daguerre, the most influential marchand-mercier of the time. Among the known candelabra featuring identical female figures, Christian Baulez has attributed one pair in the Wallace Collection in London to François Rémond (see “Les bronziers Gouthière, Thomire et Rémond”, in Versailles, deux siècles d’histoire de l’art, Etudes et chroniques de Christian Baulez, 2007, p. 416). A second pair, now displayed in the library of Louis XVI in the Château de Versailles (illustrated in M. and Y. Gay, “Horlogerie royale au Château de Versailles”, in Bulletin de l’Association nationale des collectionneurs et amateurs d’Horlogerie ancienne et d’Art, Spring 1997, n° 78, p. 19).
François Rémond (circa 1747-1812)
Along with Pierre Gouthière, he was one of the most important Parisian chaser-gilders of the last third of the 18th century. He began his apprenticeship in 1763 and became a master chaser-gilder in 1774. His great talent quickly won him a wealthy clientele, including certain members of the Court. Through the marchand-mercier Dominique Daguerre, François Rémond was involved in furnishing the homes of most of the important collectors of the late 18th century, supplying them with exceptional clock cases, firedogs, and candelabra. These elegant and innovative pieces greatly contributed to his fame.
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