Gilt Bronze Rocaille Wall Cartel clock, Louis XV period
Call +33 1 45 61 44 55
François Viger, reçu maître horloger reçu maître en 1744
Case Attributed to Robert Osmond (1711-1789), reçu maître fondeur en janvier 1746
Important Chased Gilt Bronze Rocaille Wall Cartel Clock
Paris, Louis XV period, circa 1755
Height 92 cm; width 60 cm
The enamel dial, signed Viger à Paris, indicates the hours in Roman numerals and the minutes in Arabic numerals; the gilt bronze waisted case with scrolling, palms and palmettes, shells, leaves, flowering branches and ribbons. The composition and the remarkable quality of the casting, chasing and gilding, all bear witness to the exceptional talent of the bronzier Robert Osmond (1711-1789), who created the model in the mid 18th century.
The case’s attribution to Osmond was determined by comparison with an identical example in a private collection, that bears his signature; it is illustrated in R. de l’Espée, Die Osmond, ein Familienbetrieb und seine Produktion, in H. Ottomeyer and P. Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, Band II, Munich, 1986, p. 542, fig. 2. A sketch of cartels made in Paris by the bronziers Foullet and Osmond show a comparable model; this drawing is today in the Institut national d’Histoire de l’Art à Paris, formerly the Bibliothèque Doucet (see H. Ottomeyer and P. Pröschel, op. cit., Band I, Munich, 1986, p. 184, fig. 3.8.8). A few other examples have been identified, particularly one whose dial is signed Moisy à Paris, and which was bequeathed in 1911 to the Louvre Museum by Count Isaac de Camondo (illustrated in D. Alcouffe, A. Dion-Tenebaum and G. Mabille, Les bronzes d’ameublement du musée du Louvre, Editions Faton, Dijon, 2004, p. 84, catalogue n° 36); another clock, with dial signed Julien Leroy à Paris, was formerly in the collection of Prince Paul of Yougoslavia (1893-1976) in the Pratolino-Demidoff Villa in Vaglia, near Florence (sold by Sotheby’s, London, on April 21-24, 1969, lot 219).
François Viger (Dieppe circa 1708 - Paris 1784) an 18th century Parisian clockmaker. Exercising independently at first, he became a master in August 1744 and opened a workshop in the rue Saint-Denis. As Jean-Dominique Augarde aptly states: “the pieces made in his workshop are of exceptional quality”. (Les ouvriers du Temps, Genève, 1996, p. 405). Viger ordered his clock cases from the best bronziers and cabinetmakers of the day, collaborating with such fine artisans as Jean-Joseph de Saint-Germain, Antoine Foullet, and Jean-Baptiste Osmond. His work may be found today in important museums and private collections worldwide, including the Basel Historisches Museum de Bâle, the Wallace Collection in London, the Louvre in Paris, the Hermitage in Saint Petersburg and the Lazienki Palace in Warsaw.
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