Cartonnier Mantel Clock, Louis XVI period

Jean-André Lepaute

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Lepaute, horloger du Roi à Paris and case attributed to Robert Osmond
Important Architectural Gilt Bronze Cartonnier Mantel Clock
Paris, early Louis XVI period, circa 1770-1775
Height 39 cm; length 45.5 cm; depth 18.5 cm

Provenance: - Probably from the collection of Pierre-Paul-Louis Randon de Boisset (1708-1776), Receiver General of Finance for the region of Lyon and Farmer General; his collection was sold in Paris from February 27 to March 25, 1777, lot 833; purchased for 1500 livres by Monsieur de Mondragon. - Fabius Brothers Collection, Paris Bibliography: Pierre Kjellberg, Encyclopédie de la pendule française du Moyen Age à nos jours, Paris, 1997, p. 177, fig. E (illustration). The enamel dial, signed Lepaute horloger du roi à Paris, indicates the hours in Roman numerals, the minutes in Arabic numerals and the seconds; the remarkable rectangular architectural case is in finely chased gilt bronze. The bezel is decorated with a frieze of interlocking motifs, the arch by an egg and dart frieze, the dial is flanked by scrolling foliage and flower rosettes and scrolling, the sides feature Apollo masks with radiating sun rays, framed by ribbons and laurel branches. The base features a curved foliate moulding and the clock is surmounted by acanthus leaves and a flower. This remarkable clock may be confidently attributed to Robert Osmond (1711-1789), one of the most renowned Parisian bronziers of the 18th century. A few rare clocks with cases by Osmond feature similar compositions, including an arched architectural borne, including: a clock formerly in the collection of the 6th Count of Rosebery in Mentmore (Sotheby’s, 18-20 May 1977, lot 123); a second illustrated in Tardy, La pendule française, 2ème partie: du Louis XVI à nos jours, Paris, 1975, p.301. The lack of precision and recurring errors in the descriptions of the clock movements by the painter Pierre Rémy, expert of the Randon de Boisset sale, make it difficult to be certain, however the lot 833, described as follows: “Another clock, with quarters and seconds, made by le Paute, in a rectangular gilt bronze case, with rounded egg and dart decorated arch, the front with scrolling and flowers, the sides with sunrays, & the base with convex foliate moulding: length 17 pouces (44.5 cm) by 15 high (39 cm)”, appears to be similar to the present clock.
 
Lepaute Horloger du Roi à Paris This is the signature of the brothers Jean-André Lepaute (1720-1789) and Jean-Baptiste Lepaute (1727-1802), remarkable clockmakers born in Thonne-la-Long in Lorraine who were both horlogers du Roi. Jean-André came to Paris as a young man and was joined by his brother in 1747. The Lepaute enterprise, founded informally in 1750, was formally incorporated in 1758. Jean-André, who was received as a maître by the corporation des horlogers in 1759, was lodged first in the Palais du Luxembourg and then, in 1756, in the Galeries du Louvre. Jean-André Lepaute wrote a horological treatise (Traité d'Horlogerie), published in Paris in 1755. Another volume, entitled Description de plusieurs ouvrages d'horlogerie (A Description of several horological pieces) appeared in 1764. In 1748 he married the mathematician and astronomer Nicole-Reine Etable de la Brière, who among other things predicted the return of Halley’s Comet. Jean-Baptiste Lepaute, received maître in December 1776, was known for the equation of time clock he constructed for the Paris Hôtel de Ville (1780, destroyed in the fire of 1871) and the clock of the Hôtel des Invalides. The two brothers worked for the French Garde-Meuble de la Couronne; their clocks were appreciated by the most important connoisseurs of the time, both in France and abroad, such as the Prince Charles de Lorraine and the Queen Louise-Ulrika of Sweden. Jean-Baptiste took over the workshop when Jean-André retired in 1775.

Object Name: Cartonnier Mantel Clock, Louis XVI period
Artist name: Jean-André Lepaute
Reference: P003
   
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